In India, the main goals of adopting renewable energy are to promote economic development, improve energy security, widen access to electricity, and mitigate climate change. Sustainable electricity and development are made possible by utilizing sustainable energy and ensuring that every inhabitant can access affordable, dependable, sustainable, and modern energy.
The previous 30 years have seen a gradual rise in carbon dioxide emissions, which are to blame for the current increase in atmospheric temperatures. Additionally, the environment is becoming more and more polluted due to speedy industrialization and the usage of fossil fuels for energy production.
As a result, there is a rising demand for environmentally friendly electricity on a global scale, ensuring that people have access to affordable, clean energy to stop climate change. This article focuses on the different obstacles to achieving a better future and how sustainable energy could contribute to our future.
Sustainable electricity: What is it?
Sustainable electricity is the power generated from renewable resources that helps meet current requirements without compromising those of future generations. Because it is limitless, pure, and constantly renewed by nature, sustainable energy includes energy produced by the sun, wind, and water, as well as geothermal and bioenergy.
Sustainable power has no harmful environmental effects and emits no greenhouse gases or other pollutants. Moreover, sustainable energy is now more affordable than ever, thanks to a notable drop in price over the last ten years.
Sustainable Electricity Types
Today, the focus is on providing a sufficient, long-term supply of energy while considering the environmental impacts of various sources of energy into consideration. The most prominent benefits of these renewable energy sources are their accessibility and availability. A few of the frequently used energy sources for producing ecologically friendly electricity are listed below:
Energy from the wind
Wind energy is one of the sustainable energy options with the fastest growth. It produces sustainable electricity by using the kinetic energy created by rotating turbines. The use of wind energy to generate electricity has significantly increased in recent years with the construction of hundreds of wind turbines globally. These turbines make it possible to operate effectively and efficiently.
Hydroelectric electricity is produced by harnessing the force of moving rivers. The ability of these systems to supply peak daily and seasonal needs is one of the main advantages of these systems. It accounts for almost 17% of the world’s electricity from sustainable sources like hydropower. Small hydropower facilities with less than 10 MWe account for about 12% of the global capacity; most of these are run-of-river plants.
Solar energy is coupled with sunlight to produce electricity using photovoltaic cells. This method converts solar energy into electrical energy by using semiconductors. Thus, electrons are released when sunlight strikes a semiconductor in a PV cell, and busbars collect the flowing electrons to produce an electric current.
Using geothermal energy
Every 100 metres of depth results in a temperature increase of 2.5 to 3.5 degrees Celsius because of the intensely heated materials that make up the Earth’s core. When employing geothermal energy, warm steam is drawn from a great depth and brought to the surface to generate energy or green power. By 2030, the Global Geothermal Alliance aims to increase global geothermal heating capacity by 200% and geothermal power generation capacity by 500%.
Sustainable Electricity Uses
To lay the groundwork for lowering greenhouse gas emissions and developing the next generation of environmentally friendly electrical solutions, there is still a tonne of work to be done.
- Create and construct massive carbon capture systems in order to utilize and store carbon dioxide without endangering the environment.
- Create renewable or low-carbon energy sources to produce sustainable electricity for daily use.
- Use hydrogen fuel cells to power utilities and transportation without producing any emissions.
- Increase the use of bioenergy from plants and algae to provide more environmentally friendly electricity.
Schneider Electric is working to promote greater equality and sustainability globally. In all spheres of society, they are speeding sustainable progress swiftly. They seek to bridge the gap between sustainability and global advancement to enable everyone to make the best use of our energy and resources. Additionally, Schneider Electric has vowed to attain global and operational carbon neutrality by 2025 and 2040, respectively. You can support sustainable development with Schneider Electric today!